Measuring the intra-ocular pressure in your pet’s eye is a general veterinary procedure and is used to diagnose glaucoma. This is something that can’t be done at home as specific instruments and medications are needed to perform it safely. If you think that your pet already has or might be developing glaucoma in its eyes, you should immediately rush your pet for a veterinarian examination.
Signs of Glaucoma
- red or bloodshot eye
- vision loss
- cloudy cornea
- enlarged eye orb
Till the time the eye enlarges due to intra-ocular pressure, the dog is either permanently blind or is at the verge of being blind. This situation is extremely painful for the pets.
Causes of Glaucoma
Glaucoma can be caused due to various reasons. According to the cause, glaucoma can be classified as primary or secondary in case of animals.
This is an inherited condition. It occurs in the following breeds of dogs:
- American Cocker Spaniel
- Basset Hound
- Chow Chow
- Shar Pei
- Jack Russell Terrier
- Shih Tzu
- Arctic Circle breeds – Siberian Husky and Elkhound
As compared to dogs, primary glaucoma is a bit rare in cats. Primary glaucoma generally begins in one of the eyes, but in some patients it can affects both eyes too leading to a complete loss of vision if not controlled.
It occurs when some other eye diseases are leading to a decreased fluid drainage from inside of the eye. Some common causes of secondary glaucoma are:
- cancer in the eye
- advanced cataracts
- inflammation inside the eye (uveitis)
- chronic retinal detachment
- lens subluxation or luxation
Chronic uveitis or inflammation is generally the cause of glaucoma in cats.